"DROP, COVER AND HOLD ON." If you are not near a strong table or desk, drop to the floor against an interior wall and cover your head and neck with your arms.
Avoid windows, hanging objects, mirrors, tall furniture (filing cabinets and bookshelves), large appliances and cabinets filled with heavy objects.
Do not try to run out of your building during strong shaking—you can be killed or injured by falling debris (glass, roof tiles, concrete, etc.).
If you are on campus, it is safer to remain inside a building after an earthquake unless there is a fire or gas leak. There are few open spaces far enough from glass or other falling debris to be considered safe refuge sites. Glass from high-rise buildings does not always fall straight down; it can catch a wind current and travel great distances.
If you are in bed, stay there and cover your head with a pillow.
Do not use elevators.
If you use a wheelchair, lock the wheels and cover your head.
If you are outdoors:
Move to a clear area if you can safely walk. You should avoid buildings and trees.
If you're driving, pull to the side of the road and stop.
Avoid stopping under overhead hazards or near buildings.
Once the shaking stops:
Be prepared for aftershocks—they may be frequent and could exceed the first quake.
Check the people around you for injuries; provide first aid.
Do not move seriously injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of a gas leak, hazardous material spill, fire or falling debris.
Check around you for dangerous conditions such as fires, downed power lines, and structure damage.
If you have fire extinguishers and are trained to use them, put out small fires immediately.
Check your phones to be sure they have not shaken off the hook and are tying up a line.
Inspect your residence and work areas for damage.
If you are trapped in debris:
Move as little as possible so that you don't kick up dust.
Cover your nose and mouth with a handkerchief or clothing.
Tap on a pipe or wall so that rescuers can hear where you are. Use a whistle if one is available (keep one in your emergency kit). Shout only as a last resort.
Emergency or crime in progress:
Report a crime or non-emergency: